The Grand Hotel

Early History of the Grand Hotel.

A new Hotel

The Grand Hotel is arguably one of our most notable surviving buildings from ‘Old Port Talbot’ occupying a prime location today opposite the railway station.

At the time the building of the hotel was announced in 1898 this area of Port Talbot was awash with new development. Station Road and Talbot Road were at that time laid out but there was otherwise very little development between the densely packed streets of old Aberavon town to the west and Taibach to the east.

1897 map showing site of Grand Hotel
1897 Map of Port Talbot. Site of Grand Hotel circled red. [1]
The Port Talbot Railway and Docks offices on Talbot Road were built a year earlier in 1897 along with the first of the large four storey, red brick buildings at the station end of Station Road, the ‘new’ Police Station was under construction in 1898 and Lloyds Bank on the corner of Station Road and Grove Place followed shortly after.

The site of the hotel stood within the parish of Margam, formed of the Talbot Estate. Emily Talbot was known to be ‘greatly adverse to the building of public houses on her estate’ with only three public houses in the parish at the time, serving 9000 people. This was in stark contrast to the Aberavon parish where it wouldn’t be an exaggeration to say there was almost one on every street in the town centre.

Despite this, Emily Talbot granted a lease for the land to a David Williams from Bridgend who employed George Robinson of Cardiff as the architect to build the hotel. The site was in the main undeveloped apart from a row of three cottages which were demolished.

An artist impression showing the three cottages on the site, with the Eagle Inn next door.[2] – Credit to Barrie Flint
Legend has it Emily Talbot had an influence on the design of the hotel, I’ve seen no evidence of this and no link between the architect and the Talbots, but the Gothic/Tudor revival style does give some weight to the theory, with elements in the hotel’s design that mirror Margam Castle.

These include castellations over the bay window, and the main entrance having these and a bartisan turret feature.

Construction was estimated to cost £10,000 (about £1.2m adjusted for inflation) for the 20 bedroom hotel, the lease contained a covenant to build an extra 12 bedrooms ‘when called upon by Miss Talbot’ (these were eventually built on top of the function room and back bar, but in the 1950s, long after her death)

At a licensing meeting in 1898 the case was made for the granting of a provisional license for the hotel, present were Samuel Evans MP, representing David Williams, and Rhys Williams, representing Emily Talbot.

Samuel Evans indicated there was no opposition to the application and evidence was also provided from an architect demonstrating the need for a hotel. The provisional license for the hotel was unanimously granted, which was a good thing as foundations had already been laid at the time.

A sketch from an 1898 edition of the South Wales Daily News which accompanied an article announcing the licensing of the hotel. [3]
Construction of the hotel appeared to take some time with the building mostly completed by January 1900. On the 5th March 1900 the license was finalised after the architect demonstrated to the committee that the hotel was built in accordance to the approved plans, the opening of the building came a few weeks later on the 31st March 1900.

The hotel’s unusual design was divisive at the time, with some reporting it to be ‘splendid’ ‘palatial’ and ‘quaint’ and others describing it as ‘not what one would call a handsome building’ and ‘mammoth’.
One interesting comment noted from a newspaper at the time said “that palatial building was not erected for the ‘people’. ”

An early 1900s shot of the hotel. Complete with horse drawn carriage outside the main entrance. The ‘L’ has fallen off the sign here. [4] – Credit to Barrie Flint
Aside from the 20 bedrooms, which were fitted to accommodate lockers for travelling salesmen, the substantial four storey building contained several bars, and spaces for dining, meetings and functions, including a dedicated banqueting room.  At the rear was a large stable block and yard, an area that is now used as a car park.

Estimated 1900 interior ground floor plan [5]
Of note on the interior is the lack of kitchen facilities on the ground floor, the kitchen was upstairs on the second floor until a 1980s remodel.

Station Street (as it was known then) in front of the hotel was widened to 60 feet as part of the new development.

Meetings, functions and events.

The modern well equipped hotel, located in a prime position, quickly made it a staple venue for local organisations to hold dinners, banquets and presentation evenings.

Most other hotels in the Aberavon area at the time would have been substantially older and lacked the versatility of spaces that the Grand offered. The Walnut Tree Hotel for instance had an ample provision of bars and a large billiard room but only one large dining room on the first floor.

The Jersey Beach Hotel had opened the same year, but was substantially smaller, catered towards excursion parties and was arguably less conveniently located, being in (at the time) an isolated spot on Aberavon Beach.

Railway and Docks Company

The earliest function at the Grand Hotel I’ve been able to find is a presentation evening held in June 1900.
The evening was for James Probert, the former manager of the Port Talbot Railway and Docks Company, which was based just a short distance away at Talbot Road.

The event was attended by employees of the company, the local mayor and various officials representing local companies such as the Rhondda and Swansea Bay Railway, and Port Talbot Graving Docks Company.

The Port Talbot Male Voice Party choir (who were runners up at the National Eisteddfod the following year) sang throughout the evening and a purse of gold was presented to Mr James Probert for his service to the company.

Port Talbot Association Football Club

The club’s early history appears to have some ties to the hotel. In 1902 the hotel was advertised as the headquarters of the club, with annual meetings and events for the club taking place at the hotel through the 1900s.

One example of this is a ‘smoking concert’ held in 1903.

These were popular in the Victorian era, reserved for men only, with musical entertainment. The events were places where men would gather, smoke and debate and discuss political issues of the day.

 

Landlord Stories

S. W. H. Tilley

At the beginning of 1901 the hotel was under the management of S. W. H. Tilley of Cardiff. He appeared to stay at the hotel for only a few years before returning to Cardiff.

It seems he was a fan of the relatively new game of Ping Pong, playing for local teams through 1902. Newspaper reports of the time report a game being played at the Grand Hotel against the ‘Llandaff Savages’ with the local team ‘The Talbots’ losing.

The fine of a Baptist minister

Headline from the Weekly Mail in 1903 [6]

During Tilley’s tenure at the pub in 1903 an explosive story was reported in the papers of the time of a breach of license.

Tilley had entertained had allowed visitors to the pub later than his license allowed, a police offer has noticed a light on in the pub at 11.50pm and stood on the small wall outside the hotel to peer in through the window.

He observed four men inside: Tilley, the landlord; Rev W Walters, a local Baptist minister; Richard Harris, a local reporter and Edward Williams, the inspector of Weights and Measures for Glamorgan County Council, who had apparently enjoyed a fish supper earlier that evening.

The wall the policeman used to peer in through the window. This is still there today.[7]
After half an hour the men left the hotel to be confronted by the officer, with Tilley’s three guests all accused of being in various states of drunkenness.

Rev Walters was described as ‘beastly drunk’ and fell on his face on the path outside of the hotel before being taken to the police station.

Williams and Harris were summoned for being on licensed premises during prohibited hours.

Tilley was summoned for both allowing his premises to be open during prohibited hours, and for permitting drunkenness at his pub.

There was quite some debate before the magistrates as to the extent to which the men were drunk and whether or not they could be classed as guests of the hotel. Eventually they were found guilty, Tilley was fined £5, Walters 10s, with Harris and Williams receiving fines of 20s each.


Thank you for reading, would love to know what you think, or to hear any stories or information particularly around the early history of the building.
Emails welcome at seanpursey@outlook.com

I will be adding to this piece again with some more illustrations, plans and information when I get the time.

Acknowledgements 

Port Talbot Historical Society, Damian Owen and Barrie Flint in particular for their help with this.

West Glamorgan Archive Service, National Library of Wales and National Library of Scotland.

[1] 1897 6 inch OS Map. Reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland -https://maps.nls.uk/index.html

[2] Extract of a sketch by Barrie Flint, of the Upper Court Farm area from 1876 OS Map.

[3] South Wales Daily News 24th August 1898 pg 3 – Welsh Newspapers Online https://newspapers.library.wales/view/3740832/3740835/16/

[4] Postcard of the Grand Hotel c1902 deposited in Port Talbot Historical Society Archive by Barrie Flint.

[5] Plan based upon 1911/1949 plan from West Glamorgan Archive Service

[6] Weekly Mail August 22nd 1903 pg 7  – Welsh Newspapers Online https://newspapers.library.wales/view/3376344/3376351/149/

[7] Extract from unknown publication, deposited in Port Talbot Historical Society Archive by John Vivian Hughes

Update

A quick update on some details added to the Plaza model in the last few weeks.

Exterior:

Canopy details and Cafe unit

Next challenge in this area is to build the curved shopfronts for each side.

Exterior showing new canopy detail, leadwork and coping tiles and adjusted sign

Still to do here is adjustments to the pillars holding the sign lights, these are squared off but I need to take some reference photographs.

Work in progress, the area behind the large poster board on the exterior.

The windows/doors at the back have not been drawn yet, there were also originally railings along the front of this opening.

Interior

Foyer doors with push plates added and some replica 1980s signage.

The foyer area is now approaching being complete, the cornicing needs extra detail added, staircases need handrails and nosing details.

 

Plaza Cinema

A work in progress model of the Plaza Cinema, Port Talbot.

This is a full interior and exterior model of the building – I am working towards this being a full photo-realistic render. Some sample renders showing current progress are below. 

Full history to be included soon.

Any old photographs of the building, inside or out would be much appreciated – get in touch on seanpursey@outlook.com

Exterior Render with 1980s lighting scheme – with era inappropriate film poster
Stage area – no seats in yet.
Partially complete Foyer area
Partially complete Foyer area

Jersey Beach Hotel (1900-1908)

This building is the first of two ‘Jersey Beach Hotels’ to grace Aberavon Beach. Arguably this original building is much more appealing than its flat-roofed successor which would be built after this building suffered a disastrous fire in 1908, reducing it to a shell.

The Jersey Beach Hotel was the first permanent building to be built at Aberavon Beach and was constructed from 1899-1900 and opened in July 1900.

Closeup of the detail in the buildings’ stonework

The building pre-dates the promenade and sea wall, which eventually followed two years later in 1902 at the cost of £4000. That same year the breakwater was converted into a public promenade, work on that was completed in only six weeks, costing £1200.

The Hotel itself consisted of 14 bedrooms, lounges, dining rooms, bars and a tea room/banqueting room seen below on the left hand side.

Front View 1900

The model will be updated shortly to show the interior layout of the hotel.

Jersey Beach Hotel 1900.
Right Hand Side 1900, the two door openings lead in to the two public bars.

Baglan Hall

This model is a long-term work in progress due to a lack of source material to complete it. Anyone with photographs, drawings etc of the building, particularly the rear elevations please send me an email on seanpursey@outlook.com

History from Cofelin:

Baglan Hall, home to the Llewellyns, squires of Baglan, was a large, sixteenth century house, extended in the early 1800s, and again in 1904. The Hall was acquired by Port Talbot Corporation and demolished in 1952, the site used to create a park. The building had a central 3-storey section with 2-storey wings. The upper windows were round-headed, and in the central section, cut into the eaves. There was a central, rectangular glazed porch.

Baglan Hall 1950s
Baglan Hall 1950s

Great Hall – Sandfields Comprehensive School

The Great Hall was built along with the rest of Sandfields Comprehensive School in the 1957/1958, opening to pupils in 1958.

The building consisted of  a theatre seating 650 across a stepped stalls and balcony along with a small double-height foyer space and adjoining toilets.

Following the closure of the school in 2016 the site was due to be converted into a welsh language school. New-build finance became available to the local authority and the building was demolished along with the rest of the school buildings for a new build, Ysgol  Gymraeg Bro Dur which is opened in September 2018.

Great Hall – 1958
Great Hall Front – 1958
Great Hall Left Side – 1958
Great Hall Right Side – 1958
Section through the building showing foyer area, auditorium and stage. 

 

Port Talbot Railway and Docks Company Offices

This building was built on Talbot Road in 1897 for the Port Talbot Railway and Docks Company. The building was joined in 1905 by a later addition on the Eagle Street elevation called ‘Customs House’ which is not shown here.

With surprisingly few interior alterations the building later became offices for the local authority, the building stood vacant for a few years before being demolished in 2012 along with the adjoining Royal Buildings, prior to the demolition a community campaign did attempt to have both buildings listed – to no avail.

Front of the building on Talbot Road as it stood in 1897

Side of the building on Eaqle Street as it stood in 1897

Ground Floor Layout 1897

First Floor Layout 1897
Second Floor Layout 1897

The Cradock Arms

A work-in-progress model of the Cradock Arms which stood in Green Park.

The earliest record I can find so far about the pub is in 1873, where the building was called the ‘Caradoc Arms’ and referred to as a ‘beerhouse’

The pub closed in September 2016 and was demolished in March 2017.

Full history and drawings to come.  

Exterior, with attached cottage 1950s

 

Exterior, with attached cottage and rear extension 1950s

 

Ground Floor Layout 1939

 

First Floor Layout 1939

 

 

The Railway Tavern

My latest 3D drawing, the Railway Tavern.

Standing in Water Street, the last building before the railway bridge, opposite the old Aberavon Market.  

Location of the Railway Tavern in Aberavon

The pub, along with much of old Aberavon was demolished in 1972 to make way for the Aberavon Shopping Centre and new road layout, the bus station entrance now stands on the site.

Location of Railway Tavern on a modern aerial photograph.

This particular building was built in 1909 by Mr E. Evans Bevan, replacing the earlier building on the site (also called the Railway Tavern).

Mr Evans Bevan bought the earlier building, along with the two adjacent cottages, at an auction held in the Avon Vale Hotel in July 1900, paying £4900 for the pub, and £335 for the two adjacent cottages after a ‘spirited bidding’.

The new building incorporated these two adjacent cottages and became a much larger pub than the original, with several bars downstairs and a club room and five-bedrooms above . 

Ground Floor Layout 1950
First Floor Layout 1950

The club room on the first floor was well used by the local trade unions for branch meetings and contained a snooker table in later years. Its not known whether the upstairs layout was altered to accommodate this as this would’ve taken up a large part of the space.

Landlords from the 1940s onwards include:
Mr & Mrs Phillips (Until late 40s)
Lilian and Garfield Davies  (Late 40s – 1950s)
The final Landlady was Alice Thomas who ran the pub from the 1960s until its demolition.

In its earlier form the pub seemed to run in to a few licensing issues over the years. The licensee in 1903 was Mary Abraham – she was summoned to Aberavon Police-court, for permitting drunkenness in the pub ‘on the Thursday evening prior to Good Friday’. She was fined £2 plus costs!

Later in 1904 the tavern would have its licence objected to due to ‘structural defects’, these were later rectified and the licence granted, but may have gone some way to encourage its re-building.

I’ll have to take a look through some earlier shots of Water Street to see if I can catch a glimpse of the pub in its earlier form, I’m not certain yet from what date the first pub was on this site. Any further information on the landlords, or history of this pub would be much appreciated. 

Below is the full 360° view, which might take a few moments to load.

With thanks to Damian Owen for reference photographs, the West Glamorgan Archive Service for reference drawings and members of Port Talbot Old and New for additional information.